In Abadía da Cova, the vineyard acts as a backbone of some products with unique characteristics. The terroir acquires an essential dimension, because it does not depend exclusively on the climate and the type of soil, but on the conditions of each slope, on its orientation, sunstroke and humidity in its different parts.
In these slopes we are looking for South or South-West directions, an altitude appropriate for a correct temperature, the optimal soil and sunlight optimal... and the river, as a determining factor in all of them. It is the search for the place that best expresses the characteristics of each of our varieties, this to grow them only on the ground that best suit. The sum of these factors will eventually clarify the mystery... vintage after vintage.
The heroic viticulture is the only type of viticulture possible, because the best conditions for the vineyard are in the slopes of the river, with inclinations that reach 70%. All the works are done meticulously and manually by our viticulture team.
The principles of ecology, respect and commitment to the environment, as well as the preservation of this natural area, have always been fundamental to our company. Nowadays, we are deepening the knowledge of the Biodynamic principles, rehearsing in our experimental vineyards to be able to benefit from this knowledge and improve the conditions of cultivation of our vines.
We have several meteorological stations in the own vineyards, which allow us to measure the atmospheric and soil values of our plots and to establish action protocols that allow us to get the best performance from our vines, as well as prevent possible infections by undesirable fungi.
In our vineyards there are two types of soils. In the areas of Ribeira de Miño and Amandi, the soils are mainly granite, with veins of slate and shale. In the part of Montefurado and Quiroga they are slate of sand and clay.
In the vineyards we work three main conduction systems. The traditional system, constitutes vines in "vase" or vertical system, which are pruned to guyot simple or double, limiting the number of buds on the basis of vigour and health of each strain. This conduction system represents about 5.5 hectares of vineyard, divided into numerous small plots. It houses the oldest vines of property, which we are trying to preserve with extreme care in its growing conditions.
The vine arbour or “parral”, we use it in the two farms of our own Albariño, also of the oldest. It represents about 3.5 hectares of vineyards, and allows us to control the vigour of these restless vines, as well as to take advantage of 100% of the solar energy because it is a continuous surface system.
In the most recent vineyards, we are cultivating in espalier. The vines are guided by double cord, single cord or in vertical system with Guyot pruning. There are currently some 9.5 hectares of vineyards in espalier.
We cultivate our grapes in several areas within the D.O. As a main area we find the Ribeiras of Miño, however, we also produce grapes in Amandi, Montefurado and Quiroga. This differentiation of plots gives us significant features, and great contrasts in the parameters of the grapes. The aim is to achieve a greater depth and originality in the different types of wine.
“The aim is to achieve a greater depth and originality in the different types of wine.”
Our winery produces most of the grapes used in our wines. However, there are other interesting plots and great vine-grower who give us grapes which we could not have otherwise access. We only buy grapes from trusted vine-growers, with whom we have been working more than 20 years as average. We classify the plots and allocate that grape to the wines that we believe appropriate. We work side by side to make the vineyard been worked in the most optimal and respectful way and with our own quality criteria. We guide and support each other with each wine-grower during the whole process, until the best result is obtained in each case.