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Ribeira Sacra

In the heart of Galicia, in the limits between the south of Lugo and the north of Ourense, nature wanted to make poetry of contrasts. It got that the Miño would embrace the Sil and formed a few canyons of dramatic beauty.

Orography

Riberia Sacra is located between the south of the province of Lugo and the north of the province of Ourense, to the shelter of the rivers Miño and Sil. In this area in the interior of Galicia, the soil of alluvial character and of granite and slate origin forms very hilly banks of the River, eroded over the millennia. The ecoclimate generated in these areas, traditionally of ocean type, acquires a more Mediterranean character, the most optimal for a good maturation in our latitude.

History

More than two thousand years ago the Romans arrived in Galicia and they implanted their culture. One of their most important agricultural activity was the cultivation of vine and the elaboration of wine, and so they sought the best areas to cultivate them. Most of the muras (stone walls round the terraces) and terraces that still predominate in landscape are theirs. Wine obtained in this area was well known, and it is said that it was taken to Caesar himself in Rome. Hundreds of years later, the monks found here an isolated place, with fertile soils, a pleasant climate and abundant water to settle and build their monasteries. Skilful in the crops, they brought the vines to many areas of our geography and spread the consumption of wine.

In the last centuries, viticulture had a subsistence character, considering wine as a further food, and even sharing the land with other crops. Finally, the successive hereditary partitions came to determine this smallholdings so characteristic of our idiosyncrasy as of our landscape.

Monk drinking wine in a medieval miniature
Representation of the vintage in a Roman relief

The commitment to our land is undeniable. Adegas Moure was one of the wineries that were grouped from the beginning to create the Ribeira Sacra denomination of origin (D.O.), with the aim of promoting and protecting the wines and vineyards of this area.

This D.O. which floats between the river Miño and the Sil, houses a variety of ecological niches. One of the most relevant characteristics of the area is the cultivation in terraces (muras) due to the strong slope of these canyons. Because of the difficulty of cultivation that it represents, it is called "heroic viticulture", forming part of the CERVIM, association that generates value to mountain viticulture.

In the D.O. Ribeira Sacra , the sub-area in which we are located is the Ribeiras do Miño, specifically in the parish of A Cova, Lugar de Cuñas, although we also have vineyards in different areas of production within the D.O. The soils and the mesoclimate of this area vary greatly throughout the different areas, and even at the level of plots, hence the importance of the type of soil, slope, altitude and orientation. The climate data yields an average temperature of 14 º and a rainfall of 900 mm a year in the banks of the Miño (270 mm from April to September), in addition to light winds. The relative humidity is around 70% and the hours of sun around 180 monthly.

These values are currently being affected as a result of the process of climate change process we are suffering. In the last few years we are having higher temperatures, a drier climate, and a longer summer. We are very concerned about this serious problem, and we are working to minimize our carbon footprint.

For these reasons, our commitment to nature is to form a single tandem, which leads us to a sustainable agriculture, integrated into the landscape, and in which both parts would be benefited: The environment, with a greater diversity of species and habitats, and us with a large vineyard and a wine of height.

We invite you to know an unique place guided by Abadía da Cova.

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